A global partnership for drug abuse
prevention, intervention and treatment.
Send us an Email Need help? Call 1 (888) 368-8151

Government Policies for Substance Controls

The federal government has instated policies for substance controls. This was done to protect the public from the dangers of various substances as well as to regulate its use. Drugs and other substances that are considered controlled substances are listed under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA), which is divided into five schedules. Substances are placed under a specific schedule based on whether they have been accepted  for medical use in treatment in the United States, as well as their relative abuse potential, and risk of causing dependence when abused.

Schedule I Controlled Substances

Schedule I controlled substances are not currently accepted for medical use in the United States, they lack accepted safety for use under medical supervision, and have a high potential for abuse.

Schedule I controlled substances include but are not limited to: heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), marijuana (cannabis), peyote, methaqualone, and methylenedioxymethamphetamine (“Ecstasy”).

Schedule II/IIN Controlled Substances (2/2N)

Schedule II/IIN controlled substance have a high potential for abuse which can lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.

Schedule II narcotics include but are not limited to: hydromorphone (Dilaudid®), methadone (Dolophine®), meperidine (Demerol®), oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percocet®), and fentanyl (Sublimaze®, Duragesic®, morphine, opium, and codeine.

Schedule IIN stimulants include but are not limited to: amphetamine (Dexedrine®, Adderall®), methamphetamine (Desoxyn®), and methylphenidate (Ritalin®).

Other Schedule II substances include: amobarbital, glutethimide, and pentobarbital.

Schedule III/IIIN Controlled Substances (3/3N)

Schedule III/IIIN Substances have a potential for abuse less than substances in Schedules I or II. Abuse can lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.

Schedule III narcotics include but are not limited to: combination products containing less than 15 milligrams of hydrocodone per dosage unit (Vicodin®), products containing not more than 90 milligrams of codeine per dosage unit (Tylenol with Codeine®), and buprenorphine (Suboxone®).

Schedule IIIN non-narcotics include but are not limited to: benzphetamine (Didrex®), phendimetrazine, ketamine, and anabolic steroids such as Depo®-Testosterone.

Schedule IV Controlled Substances

Schedule IV controlled substances have a low potential for abuse relative to substances in Schedule III.

Schedule IV substances include but are not limited to: alprazolam (Xanax®), carisoprodol (Soma®), clonazepam (Klonopin®), clorazepate (Tranxene®), diazepam (Valium®), lorazepam (Ativan®), midazolam (Versed®), temazepam (Restoril®), and triazolam (Halcion®).

Schedule V Controlled Substances

Schedule V controlled substances have a low potential for abuse relative to substances listed in Schedule IV. They consist primarily of preparations containing limited quantities of certain narcotics.

Schedule V substances include but are not limited to: cough preparations containing not more than 200 milligrams of codeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams (Robitussin AC®, Phenergan with Codeine®), and ezogabine.

Looking for rehab?


If you have any questions, please fill out the form or call.

Read the Privacy Terms
paradise250png

Sharon from Ohio

Getting my life back in order was probably the most important thing in the world to me at that point. I was down and feeling hopeless. Thank god there are people who care.

Alex from Florida

I guess when you have a problem you don’t want to admit it. After pretty much destroying everything around me and getting to the point where I was homeless – enough was enough. Thanks to the support and the community that lifted me up I am not over 2 years sober.

Read all testimonials
Government Policies for Substance Controls

GET UNCONDITIONAL HELP

Drugless.org is a community of volunteers who have all been affected by addiction. We know your struggle firsthand.

A global partnership for drug abuse prevention, intervention and treatment.
SAMHSA's Health Information Network
P.O. Box: 2345
Rockville
Maryland
20847-2345
United States of America